Guinée : Le temps de la justice ? La candidature de Moussa Dadis Camara ne doit pas être un frein à la justice ni à la tenue d’une élection présidentielle apaisée.

PARIS, France, May 20, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ — A 5 mois du premier tour de l’élection présidentielle et après l’annonce de la candidature de Moussa Dadis Camara, 29 organisations de la société civile guinéenne et internationale rappellent que l’ancien chef de la junte militaire doit rendre des comptes devant la justice guinéenne sur son implication présumée dans le massacre du 28 septembre 2009. Les graves crimes perpétrés le 28 septembre 2009 et les jours qui ont suivi font toujours l’objet d’une procédure judiciaire, comme le rappelle un rapport intitulé ” Guinée : le temps de la justice ? » publié ce jour par la FIDH et l’OGDH à l’occasion d’une conférence de presse à Conakry.

Dans un climat pré-électoral tendu, la société civile rappelle que les violences à caractère politique, l’impunité et les entraves à l’indépendance de la justice sont les causes de la récurrence des graves violations des droits humains perpétrées en Guinée depuis des décennies et appelle les candidats à l’élection présidentielle à faire des droits humains une priorité politique en signant ” Les 10 engagements pour les droits humains et une élection présidentielle apaisée ».

L’annonce le 11 mai 2015 de la candidature de Moussa Dadis Camara, l’ancien chef de la junte militaire, à l’élection présidentielle de 2015 rappelle que la Guinée n’en a pas encore fini avec son passé de violences politiques, et ce alors même que l’opposition et le pouvoir en place peinent à se mettre d’accord pour l’organisation du scrutin et règlent leurs différends dans la rue au cours de manifestations qui ont déjà fait 63 morts et des dizaines de blessés depuis 2010.

” Le retour de Dadis Camara dans le jeu politique est une insulte faite aux victimes du massacre du stade du 28 septembre 2009 et au peuple guinéen dans son ensemble. C’est devant la justice guinéenne qu’il devrait se présenter et non à l’élection présidentielle. Lorsqu’il était au pouvoir, Dadis Camara a violé chacun des 10 engagements pour les droits humains et une élection présidentielle apaisée, que nos organisations demandent aujourd’hui aux candidats d’endosser pour faire de la présidentielle de 2015, un moment de démocratie sans violence » a déclaré Thierno Sow, président de l’OGDH.

A la suite d’un coup d’état militaire fin 2008, Moussa Dadis Camara était le chef de l’État et commandant en chef des forces armées lorsque, le 28 septembre 2009, des militaires et des membres des forces de sécurité ont massacré au moins 156 personnes et violé plus d’une centaine de femmes au stade du 28 septembre, lors d’une manifestation pacifique. La commission d’enquête internationale mandatée par les Nations Unies quelques semaines après les évènements avait conclu qu’en raison de sa qualité de chef d’État militaire, il était possible de présumer sa responsabilité pénale directe, voire une responsabilité de commandement, pour les faits qui se sont produits au stade le 28 septembre et les jours suivants.

” Moussa Dadis Camara a déjà été entendu, depuis le Burkina Faso, en qualité de témoin et il est aujourd’hui sous le coup d’une demande d’inculpation émanant de la justice guinéenne. Dans ce contexte, il est tout simplement impensable qu’il songe à revenir sur la scène politique guinéenne. Ce que nous attendons désormais, c’est qu’il soit formellement mis en cause par la justice, et qu’il réponde de ses actes devant un jury populaire aux côtés des 13 autres personnes déjà mises en cause dans l’affaire du 28 septembre 2009 » a déclaré Asmaou Diallo, présidente de l’AVIPA.

Dans un rapport publié ce jour, ” Guinée : le temps de la justice ? », la FIDH et l’OGDH font un bilan des progrès de l’instruction ouverte par la justice guinéenne en février 2010 sur le massacre du 28 septembre 2009, en particulier au cours des derniers mois, et des perspectives judiciaires dans cette affaire, notamment concernant Moussa Dadis Camara.

” Notre rapport dresse un bilan d’étape de la lutte contre l’impunité des crimes les plus graves perpétrés en Guinée. De nombreuses avancées ont été accomplies, encore très récemment d’ailleurs. Mais nous voulons aussi exprimer les attentes des victimes qui appellent de leur vœu la tenue d’un procès irréprochable, à la mesure de la gravité des crimes perpétrés » a déclaré Souhayr Belhassen, présidente d’Honneur de la FIDH en mission à Conakry.

De même, le rapport présenté revient sur la procédure judiciaire concernant des tortures infligées contre 17 personnes en octobre 2010 dans le quartier populaire de Hamdalaye sur ordre de hauts gradés de l’armée pour des motivations politiques. L’instruction judiciaire qui a permis de démontrer la responsabilité présumée de l’ancien chef d’État-major, le général Nouhou Thiam et celle de l’ancien gouverneur de la ville de Conakry, le commandant Sekou Resco Camara, doit maintenant être confirmée par la Chambre d’Accusation. Nos organisations appellent solennellement les autorités guinéennes à rendre possible la tenue de ce procès avant le premier tour de l’élection présidentielle.

Nos organisations rappellent enfin, que la vérité et la justice sont des aspects essentiels au processus de réconciliation nationale. Le lancement le 25 mars 2015 des consultations nationales devant permettre aux populations guinéennes de s’exprimer sur la forme que devrait prendre une future commission vérité est une étape importante qui doit maintenant être opérationnalisée dans les meilleurs délais. Nos organisations participeront à ce processus important et appellent les populations, les organismes socio-professionnels, les partis politiques et l’ensemble des acteurs à participer à ces consultations et à exprimer leurs avis sur le mandat, la composition et leurs attentes à l’égard d’une future Commission vérité.

Organisations signataires :

Organisation guinéenne de défense des droits de l’Homme et du Citoyen (OGDH), la Fédération internationale des ligues des droits de l’Homme (FIDH), l’Association des victimes, parents et amis du 28 septembre 2009 (AVIPA), l’Association des victimes du Camp Boiro (AVCB), l’Association des Victimes de la Répression (AVR), l’Association des Familles des Disparus du 28 septembre 2009 (AFADIS), la Coalition Nationale de Guinée pour le Droit et la Citoyenneté des Femmes (CONAG-DCF), le Collectif des Jeunes pour la Défense des Victimes de Violences (CoJeDeV), les Mêmes Droits pour Tous (MDT), l’Organisation Catholique pour la Promotion Humaine (OCPH), Fraternité des prisons de Guinée (FPG), Ligue guinéenne des droits de l’Homme (LIGUIDHO), Coordination des organisations des droits de l’Homme (CODDH), Institut de recherche pour la démocratie et l’État de droit (IRDED), Centre mère et enfant (CME), Fondation internationale Thierno et Mariama (FITIMA), Section Amnesty Guinée, le Centre Mère et Enfant (CME) l’Afrique des Droits de l’Homme (AFRIDHO), Conseil National des Organisations de la Société Civile (CNOSC), Association Mère et Enfant (AME), Alliance des Médias pour les Droits de l’Homme (AMDH), Sabou Guinée, SOS mineurs en prison, Réseau des Femmes du fleuve Mano pour la paix (REFMAP), la Plateforme des Citoyens Unis pour le Développement (PCUD), Femmes citoyenneté et paix (FECPA).

Source:: Guinée : Le temps de la justice ? La candidature de Moussa Dadis Camara ne doit pas être un frein à la justice ni à la tenue d’une élection présidentielle apaisée.

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WFP RESUMES FOOD ASSISTANCE TO FAMILIES DISPLACED BY CONFLICT IN LIBYA

TUNIS, Tunisia, May 20, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ — The United Nations World Food Progamme (WFP) has resumed food assistance to support displaced people whose lives have been impacted by the continuing armed conflict in Libya.

WFP is currently providing assistance for 51,000 of the most vulnerable Libyans who have been displaced in the west of the country. Through its partner, Shaikh Tahir Azzawi Charity Organization (STACO), WFP is providing pasta, couscous, rice, and other items to affected families in towns including Wadi ash-Shati, Misrata, Sebha and Traghen.

“The violence and insecurity in Libya is continuing unabated and has led to massive population displacements and an increase in humanitarian needs,” said Wagdi Othman, WFP Emergency Coordinator for Libya. “As thousands of vulnerable people are displaced now, WFP is doing its utmost to support those people who have been left without sufficient access to food supplies.”

WFP plans to support a total of 243,000 internally displaced people in Libya with life-saving food assistance over the next six months. So far, 10 trucks have crossed the Tunisian border carrying food to STACO’s warehouse in western Libya for onward distribution.

The food agency is establishing a partnership with another Libyan charity to conduct food distributions to families who have left their homes in eastern Libya, especially Benghazi, Libya’s second largest city, which has been hard hit by conflict for more than a year. WFP plans to begin food distributions in the east in the coming days.

Since the beginning of this year WFP has reached 75,000 people throughout Libya with food assistance, but distributions were suspended in March and April due to lack of funding. With WFP’s emergency operation in Libya only 33 percent funded, the organization needs to raise an additional US$14 million to ensure that its operation inside Libya continues uninterrupted.

Source:: WFP RESUMES FOOD ASSISTANCE TO FAMILIES DISPLACED BY CONFLICT IN LIBYA

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WFP RESUMES FOOD ASSISTANCE TO FAMILIES DISPLACED BY CONFLICT IN LIBYA

TUNIS, Tunisia, May 20, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ — The United Nations World Food Progamme (WFP) has resumed food assistance to support displaced people whose lives have been impacted by the continuing armed conflict in Libya.

WFP is currently providing assistance for 51,000 of the most vulnerable Libyans who have been displaced in the west of the country. Through its partner, Shaikh Tahir Azzawi Charity Organization (STACO), WFP is providing pasta, couscous, rice, and other items to affected families in towns including Wadi ash-Shati, Misrata, Sebha and Traghen.

“The violence and insecurity in Libya is continuing unabated and has led to massive population displacements and an increase in humanitarian needs,” said Wagdi Othman, WFP Emergency Coordinator for Libya. “As thousands of vulnerable people are displaced now, WFP is doing its utmost to support those people who have been left without sufficient access to food supplies.”

WFP plans to support a total of 243,000 internally displaced people in Libya with life-saving food assistance over the next six months. So far, 10 trucks have crossed the Tunisian border carrying food to STACO’s warehouse in western Libya for onward distribution.

The food agency is establishing a partnership with another Libyan charity to conduct food distributions to families who have left their homes in eastern Libya, especially Benghazi, Libya’s second largest city, which has been hard hit by conflict for more than a year. WFP plans to begin food distributions in the east in the coming days.

Since the beginning of this year WFP has reached 75,000 people throughout Libya with food assistance, but distributions were suspended in March and April due to lack of funding. With WFP’s emergency operation in Libya only 33 percent funded, the organization needs to raise an additional US$14 million to ensure that its operation inside Libya continues uninterrupted.

Source:: WFP RESUMES FOOD ASSISTANCE TO FAMILIES DISPLACED BY CONFLICT IN LIBYA

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The Government of Ireland contributes US $1.6 million to the Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund2015

KHARTOUM, Sudan, May 20, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ — Ireland has contributed US $1.6 million to the 2015 Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) 2015. Ireland has been a committed supporter of the CHF, contributing some $36.9 million since 2006. This contribution comes at a critical time, when funding for humanitarian action in Sudan is limited and humanitarian needs are growing.

Speaking about Ireland’s decision to make a further contribution to the Sudan CHF, Minister of State for Development, Trade Promotion and North-South Cooperation Mr. Seán Sherlock said, “Ireland is a longstanding supporter of the Sudan CHF. Last year, the fund was used to help UN agencies and NGOs provide emergency shelter materials, seeds, tools and household items to vulnerable communities, households and individuals in Sudan. The humanitarian outlook for the people of Sudan remains serious for the year ahead. By providing this funding to the Sudan CHF, Ireland is helping to support the provision of timely and reliable humanitarian assistance to those most in need, many of whom have been displaced from their homes by conflict.”

The Sudan CHF helps humanitarians reach the most vulnerable people across Sudan. For the 2015 first round allocation, approximately 91 per cent of funds will be distributed to international and national non-governmental organisations. The CHF reinforces and relies on existing humanitarian coordination structures, which allows for evidence-based prioritization and complementarity with other humanitarian funding sources available in Sudan.

“The CHF remains the most visible source of humanitarian funding in Sudan, particularly to national non-governmental organisations,” said El-Mostafa Benlamlih, the interim Humanitarian Coordinator for Sudan. “The CHF funds will help to support and build the capacity of national partners to promote an effective humanitarian response, especially for those organizations working in challenging and remote areas.”

The Sudan CHF is a multi-donor pooled fund that assists the timely allocation and disbursement of funds to Sudan’s most critical humanitarian needs. To date, the Sudan CHF has received and granted over one billion dollars to international and national NGOs and UN Agencies to enable the implementation of urgent and life-saving projects.

Source:: The Government of Ireland contributes US $1.6 million to the Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund2015

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The Government of Ireland contributes US $1.6 million to the Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund2015

KHARTOUM, Sudan, May 20, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ — Ireland has contributed US $1.6 million to the 2015 Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) 2015. Ireland has been a committed supporter of the CHF, contributing some $36.9 million since 2006. This contribution comes at a critical time, when funding for humanitarian action in Sudan is limited and humanitarian needs are growing.

Speaking about Ireland’s decision to make a further contribution to the Sudan CHF, Minister of State for Development, Trade Promotion and North-South Cooperation Mr. Seán Sherlock said, “Ireland is a longstanding supporter of the Sudan CHF. Last year, the fund was used to help UN agencies and NGOs provide emergency shelter materials, seeds, tools and household items to vulnerable communities, households and individuals in Sudan. The humanitarian outlook for the people of Sudan remains serious for the year ahead. By providing this funding to the Sudan CHF, Ireland is helping to support the provision of timely and reliable humanitarian assistance to those most in need, many of whom have been displaced from their homes by conflict.”

The Sudan CHF helps humanitarians reach the most vulnerable people across Sudan. For the 2015 first round allocation, approximately 91 per cent of funds will be distributed to international and national non-governmental organisations. The CHF reinforces and relies on existing humanitarian coordination structures, which allows for evidence-based prioritization and complementarity with other humanitarian funding sources available in Sudan.

“The CHF remains the most visible source of humanitarian funding in Sudan, particularly to national non-governmental organisations,” said El-Mostafa Benlamlih, the interim Humanitarian Coordinator for Sudan. “The CHF funds will help to support and build the capacity of national partners to promote an effective humanitarian response, especially for those organizations working in challenging and remote areas.”

The Sudan CHF is a multi-donor pooled fund that assists the timely allocation and disbursement of funds to Sudan’s most critical humanitarian needs. To date, the Sudan CHF has received and granted over one billion dollars to international and national NGOs and UN Agencies to enable the implementation of urgent and life-saving projects.

Source:: The Government of Ireland contributes US $1.6 million to the Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund2015

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MSF Press briefing on the humanitarian situation in South Sudan

NAIROBI, Kenya, May 20, 2015/African Press Organization (APO)/ — WHAT: Medecins Sans Frontieres / Doctors Without Borders (MSF) press briefing about the humanitarian situation in South Sudan

WHEN: Friday, 22 May, at 11 am

WHERE: MSF, Mayfair Centre, 4th floor, Ralph Bunche Road, Nairobi, Kenya

WHO:

– MSF Head of Mission for South Sudan, Paul Critchley

– MSF Deputy Director of Operations, Pete Buth

– MSF Deputy Program Manager for South Sudan, Johanna Van Peteghem

They will be available for interviews.

WHY: The provision of medical services and humanitarian assistance in Unity and Upper Nile states in South Sudan is currently severely affected by an upsurge in heavy fighting.

MSF was forced to evacuate all international staff from its hospital in Leer (Unity) on 9 May 2015, as front lines approached. More than 200 South Sudanese staff have since fled to the bush taking nine patients with them, including three premature babies. In Bentiu (Unity), MSF can no longer reach people in the surrounding area via its mobile clinics.

In Upper Nile, fierce fighting took place last week in Malakal, while heavy fighting has been ongoing in Melut since Tuesday. On both places, any logistic supplies and medical personnel deployment are halted since there is no access by plane. MSF is struggling to provide life-saving medical assistance to the wounded in Melut, where a small medical unit is working in the UN Protection of Civilians (PoC) site.

At the PoC in Bentiu, where MSF runs a hospital, over 11,000 newly displaced people have arrived in the past few weeks. New arrivals have told MSF horrific accounts of violence: whole villages burned to the ground, having to leave wounded behind, accounts of sexual violence against women and children. Last Sunday, our MSF medical team received a pregnant woman with a leg wound she got 9 days after being hit by a shell in her village outside of Bentiu.

MSF is gravely concerned about thousands of people displaced by heavy fighting, many of whom are likely to be in urgent need of medical and humanitarian assistance. MSF calls on all parties to respect civilians and healthcare structures.

MSF is one of the largest medical and humanitarian aid providers in South Sudan with more than 3,500 staff across the country, plus projects in Ethiopia and Uganda serving refugees from South Sudan.

RSVP: Media wishing to attend the press briefing, please confirm your attendance to msf-nairobi-press@msf.org

Source:: MSF Press briefing on the humanitarian situation in South Sudan

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