GENEVA, Switzerland, October 7, 2014/African Press Organization (APO)/ — In response to the flooding of 2013 and the subsequently displaced population of over 150,000 persons, the government of Mozambique established voluntary relocation sites for th…
GENEVA, Switzerland, October 7, 2014/African Press Organization (APO)/ — In South Sudan, IOM celebrated the inauguration of the newly rehabilitated Bor marketplace. The opening of the Marol marketplace in Jonglei State’s capital, Bor, is the first ea…
CAPE-TOWN, South-Africa, October 7, 2014/African Press Organization (APO)/ — In what could transpire into a movie or a book, a team has just embarked on a grand and ambitious journey through 45 African countries, starting in Cape Town and ending up in London in September 2015.
Photo Charles Brewer: http://www.photos.apo-opa.com/plog-content/images/apo/photos/charles-brewer-1.jpg (Charles Brewer, Managing Director for DHL Express Sub-Saharan Africa)
Forming part of the build up to Rugby World Cup 2015 in England, the DHL Africa as One tour will see the team pass a single rugby ball from hand to hand while introducing Africa to the game of Rugby.
As part of this epic campaign, the team from DHL (http://www.dpdhl.com), the official logistics partner of Rugby World Cup 2015, will be driving across Africa in three Land Rover Discoveries, while capturing every step of the journey, every person, every place and every pass on film, in photographs and words, and then sharing this content with Africa and the world.
The seven-strong team will be leaving Cape Town today from the Cape Town DHL office and will be on the road for the next 11 months, engaging in various rugby and corporate responsibility activities. This journey in itself will be a test of endurance and commitment with the team having to face challenges from all quarters including terrain, security, health and safety.
According to Charles Brewer, Managing Director for DHL Express Sub Saharan Africa, the campaign highlights DHL’s continuous commitment to investing in the African continent. “The journey will see us delivering the game of rugby and what it represents, across Africa. More importantly, on a continent synonymous with the game of soccer, we aim to unearth a keen interest in the global sport of rugby”.
“This tour is not just about rugby, it is about showcasing Africa to the rest of the world in all her beauty. We aim to capture Africa in her everyday routine, highs and lows and share this beautiful continent with the rest of the world” adds Brewer.
“Africa As One is also about making an impact in Africa. In addition to the rugby fairs in cities and rugby clinics in local communities, we will be distributing over half a million units of stationery to young children across Africa and providing free eye tests for thousands of people across Africa through our partnership with Mercy Ships,” adds Sumesh Rahavendra, Head of Marketing for DHL Express Africa.
“We are present in all the African markets and our investment in this continent is unparalleled. Africa As One is another way for us to demonstrate our faith in Africa and celebrate her potential” adds Rahavendra
“Through ongoing sponsorships, such as our partnership with DHL Western Province and the DHL Stormers, we remain committed to the development of rugby in South Africa. However, we feel that there is also significant untapped rugby interest beyond South Africa’s borders and are confident that, as a result of this campaign and journey, the game of rugby will be embraced by the continent and the future for rugby in Africa will be great,” concludes Rahavendra.
Distributed by APO (African Press Organization) on behalf of Deutsche Post DHL.
Megan Collinicos. Head: Advertising & Public Relations, Sub-Saharan Africa
Tel +27 21 409 3613 Mobile +27 76 411 8570
DHL – The logistics company for the world
DHL (http://www.dpdhl.com) is the global market leader in the logistics and transportation industry and “The logistics company for the world”. DHL commits its expertise in international express, national and international parcel delivery, air and ocean freight, road and rail transportation as well as contract and e-commerce related solutions along the entire supply chain. A global network composed of more than 220 countries and territories and around 315,000 employees worldwide offers customers superior service quality and local knowledge to satisfy their shipping and supply chain requirements. DHL accepts its social responsibility by supporting environmental protection, disaster management and education.
DHL is part of Deutsche Post DHL. The Group generated revenues of more than 55 billion euros in 2013.
JUBA, South Sudan, October 7, 2014/African Press Organization (APO)/ — Thursday 9 October marks the official opening of this year’s national campaign on the Prevention of Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (PSEA) in the Republic of South Sudan.
The campaign, undertaken in collaboration with the Ministry of Gender, Child and Social Welfare (MoGC&SW), the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), the United Nations agencies, funds and programs, and the civil society will develop a series of awareness-raising activities in each state across the country running from 09 October through 25 November, 2014.
This annual campaign builds on the momentum of the successful 2013 campaign and seeks to underscore the United Nations family in the Republic of South Sudan, and the Government of South Sudan’ zero-tolerance policy towards any act of Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (SEA).
One of the main goals of the national campaign is to raise awareness on SEA among all community groups, especially women, children and other vulnerable ones. A further objective is to provide adequate tools and sufficient knowledge to identify actions and behaviors that may lead to SEA, to prevent SEA and to report SEA to designated mechanisms/entities when it occurs.
Members of the media are invited to attend the series of nationwide events starting on Thursday in Yei, Central Equatoria state. A schedule of future events together with focal points in each state is attached.
This year’s campaign theme is: Speak Up!!Mata Askut!!
With an emphasis on the following messages:
The use of your body in exchange for money, food or employment is against the law!
Sexual exploitation and abuse is wrong! It harms our values, our culture, our society…and our future!
My body is NOT FOR SALE!! Respect yourself.
My body, my pride, my dignity: do not exploit or abuse me!!
I am under 18, I am a child. Do not abuse me!
Treat others with Respect and Dignity. Do not exploit or abuse.
NAIROBI, Kenya, October 7, 2014/African Press Organization (APO)/ — Today, Taisys Technologies Co., Ltd. (http://www.taisys.com) announced that Kenya’s leading bank Equity Bank will be issuing a ultra-thin mobile banking smart SIM with patented technology from Taisys. Equity Bank customers can now enjoy funds transfer, micro-payments and other mobile financial services that are agnostic across mobile devices, including traditional basic-feature phones using Taisys’s “mBanking” and “duoSIM”. The technology also allows the bank to extend to customers mobile telecommunication services approved by Communications Authority of Kenya.
Financial institutions issuing banking SIM
Traditionally, banks providing mobile banking services rely on the telecommunications provider to issue smart SIMs. Besides substantial investments from the bank in product development, the banks do not have direct control over the platform, making day-to-day maintenance difficult and creating customer experiences that are less than ideal. With Taisys’s patented ultra-thin smart SIM – duoSIM – can be directly attached the surface of an existing telco-issued SIM, and placed into the mobile device. Taisys’s duoSIM can then be used to execute mobile banking transactions, releasing the bank from the limitations of a telco-issued banking SIM.
Mobile banking and telco service with one solution
The unique nature of Kenya’s financial market provided the ideal environment for the rapid growth of mobile micropayment provider M-Pesa. Equity Bank is determined to challenge the M-Pesa’s monopoly in this area. By adopting duoSIM technology, Equity Bank can now provide an alternative mobile banking and mobile money solution to consumers. By successfully securing a license to be a mobile virtual network operator, Equity Bank becomes the first financial services institution in Kenya that is also licensed to provide telecommunication services.
CEO of Taisys, Jason Ho expresses great optimism in Kenya’s market potential. “With a population of 40 million, and 14 million mobile money users, Kenya is a mature market with users familiar with mobile financial services. Taisys sees this as a great impetus for growth in mobile banking,” he says. He also sees Taisys’s collaboration with Kenya’s largest bank as a strategic partnership to expand the offering of mobile banking services, and providing such services to a wider population in Kenya.
Distributed by APO (African Press Organization) on behalf of Taisys Holding Co. Ltd.
For more information, please visit the TAISYS website http://www.taisys.com.
Media Contact 1 :
Cecilia Cheng / Sales & Marketing
Media Contact 2 :
Bernie Gee / Sales & Marketing
Taisys Technologies Co. Ltd. (http://www.taisys.com) is a world leader in making mobile interconnectivity and vertical integration across various industry players. The patented SIMoME technology decouples Value-Added Services from the main SIM, empowering financial institutions, transport operators, and MNOs/MVNOs with innovative solutions. Present in Taipei, Beijing, Singapore, Bangkok and Johannesburg, Taisys has significant growth powered by increasing demand for roaming and banking services. Nowadays, over 10 million users enjoy these mobile based value-added services worldwide.
(About Equity Bank)
Equity Bank Limited is incorporated, registered under the Kenyan Companies Act and domiciled in Kenya. The Bank is licensed under the Kenya Banking Act, and continues to offer retail banking, microfinance and related services. The Bank has subsidiaries in Kenya, Uganda, South Sudan, Rwanda and Tanzania.
WASHINGTON, October 7, 2014/African Press Organization (APO)/ — The President met this afternoon with his senior health, homeland security, and national security advisors to receive an update on the Ebola case in Texas, broader domestic preparedness …
WASHINGTON, October 7, 2014/African Press Organization (APO)/ — Roosevelt Room
4:04 P.M. EDT
THE PRESIDENT: Good afternoon, everybody. I just had an opportunity to get a full briefing from my entire team across administrations — across agencies …
WASHINGTON, October 7, 2014/African Press Organization (APO)/ — Since the first cases of Ebola were reported in West Africa in March 2014, the United States has mounted a whole-of-government response to contain and eliminate the epidemic at its source, while also taking prudent measures at home. The President last month outlined a stepped-up U.S. response, leveraging more thoroughly the unique capabilities of the U.S. military to support the civilian-led response in West Africa. Domestically, we have prepared for the diagnosis of an Ebola case on U.S. soil and have measures in place to stop this and any potential future cases in their tracks.
Specifically, our strategy is predicated on four key goals:
Controlling the epidemic at its source in West Africa;
Mitigating second-order impacts, including blunting the economic, social, and political tolls in the region;
Engaging and coordinating with a broader global audience; and,
Fortifying global health security infrastructure in the region and beyond, including within the United States.
In support of national government efforts in Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea—and alongside the international community—the U.S. response builds upon the measures we have had in place since the first cases of Ebola were reported. The United States already has committed more than $350 million toward fighting the outbreak in West Africa, including more than $111 million in humanitarian aid, and the Department of Defense (DoD) is prepared to devote more than $1 billion to the whole-of-government Ebola response effort. As a further indication of our prioritization of this response, the United States convened a special UN Security Council session on the epidemic, and President Obama called the world to action during a subsequent UN session called by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. These U.S. actions have galvanized millions of dollars in international funding and in-kind support.
Among the specific response efforts, the United States has:
Deployed to West Africa more than 130 civilian medical, healthcare, and disaster response experts from multiple U.S. government departments and agencies as part of the U.S. Agency for International Development’s (USAID) Disaster Assistance Response Team as well as approximately 350 U.S. military personnel, constituting the largest U.S. response to an international public health challenge;
Increased the number of Ebola treatment units (ETU) in the region, including supporting ETUs in Sierra Leone and Liberia, and one of our new ETUs in Liberia discharged its first four Ebola survivors last week;
Increased to 50 the number of safe burial teams, which are now working across every county in Liberia to safely and respectfully dispose of bodies;
Deployed and commenced operation of five mobile Ebola testing labs in the region, two of which opened this week in Liberia and have doubled lab capacity in the country—reducing from several days to just a few hours the time needed to determine if a patient has Ebola;
Provided more than 10,000 Ebola test kits to the Liberian Institute of Biological Research and Sierra Leone’s Kenema Government Hospital;
Received and passed to interested humanitarian organizations information from nearly 2,200 volunteers willing to provide healthcare in the affected countries;
Delivered approximately 2,200 rolls of USAID heavy-duty plastic sheeting for use in constructing Ebola treatment units across the region;
Procured 140,000 sets of personal protective equipment, 10,000 of which have already been delivered, along with hundreds of thousands of medical gloves and thousands of protective coveralls, goggles, face shields, and other personal protective supplies;
Delivered an initial 9,000 of 50,000 community care kits to Liberia;
Supported aggressive public education campaigns reaching every Liberian county with life-saving information on how to identify, treat and prevent Ebola;
Administered nutritional support to patients receiving care at Ebola treatment units and in Ebola-affected communities across the region; and
Provided technical support to the Government of Liberia’s national-level emergency operation center.
In the days and weeks to come, U.S. efforts will include:
Scaling-up the DoD presence in West Africa. Following the completion of AFRICOM’s assessment, DoD announced the planned deployment of 3,200 troops, including 700 from the 101st Airborne Division headquarters element to Liberia. These forces will deploy in late October and become the headquarters staff for the Joint Forces Command, led by Major General Gary Volesky. The total U.S. troop commitment will depend on the requirements on the ground;
Overseeing the construction of and facilitating staffing for at least 17 100-bed Ebola treatment units across Liberia;
Deploying additional U.S. military personnel from various engineering units to help supervise the construction of ETUs and provide engineering expertise for the international response in Liberia;
Establishing a training site in Liberia to train up to 500 health care providers per week, enabling them to provide safe and direct supportive medical care to Ebola patients;
Setting up and facilitating staffing for a hospital in Liberia that will treat all healthcare workers who are working in West Africa on the Ebola crisis should they fall ill;
Operating a training course in the United States for licensed nurses, physicians, and other healthcare providers intending to work in an ETU in West Africa;
Leveraging a regional staging base in Senegal to help expedite the surge of equipment, supplies, and personnel to West Africa;
Continuing outreach by all levels of the U.S. government to push for increased and speedier response contributions from partners around the globe; and,
Sustaining engagement with the UN system to coordinate response and improve effectiveness.
We have been prepared for an Ebola case in the United States and have the healthcare system infrastructure in place to respond safely and effectively. Upon confirming the Ebola diagnosis, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and our interagency team activated plans that had been developed.
Our public health officials have led the charge to prepare and fortify our national health infrastructure to respond quickly and effectively to Ebola cases domestically. Their efforts include:
Enhancing surveillance and laboratory testing capacity in states to detect cases; in the last three months, 12 Laboratory Response Network labs have been validated to perform Ebola diagnostic testing throughout the United States;
Authorizing the use of a diagnostic test developed by DoD to help detect the Ebola virus.
Providing guidance and tools for hospitals and health care providers to prepare for and manage potential patients, protect healthcare workers, and respond in a coordinated fashion;
Developing guidance and tools for health departments to conduct public health investigations;
Providing recommendations for healthcare infection control and other measures to prevent disease spread;
Disseminating guidance for flight crews, Emergency Medical Services units at airports, and Customs and Border Protection officers about reporting ill travelers to CDC;
Providing up-to-date information to the general public, international travelers, healthcare providers, state and local officials, and public health partners;
Advancing the development and clinical trials of Ebola vaccines and antivirals to determine their safety and efficacy in humans;
Monitoring by the Food and Drug Administration for fraudulent products and false product claims related to the Ebola virus and implementing enforcement actions, as warranted, to protect the public health; and,
Issuing by the U.S. Department of Transportation, in coordination with CDC, an emergency special permit for a company to transport large quantities of Ebola-contaminated waste from Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas, Texas as well as from other locations in Texas for disposal.
On top of these domestic measures, we recognize that passenger screening efforts in West Africa and at domestic airports represent another line of defense. We have developed and supported a stringent screening regimen both at home and abroad, and we are constantly evaluating the effectiveness of these and other potential measures. We will make adjustments as deemed prudent by health professionals and the appropriate U.S. departments and agencies.
Exit screening measures are routinely implemented in the affected West African countries, and U.S. government personnel have worked closely with local authorities to implement these measures. Since the beginning of August, CDC has been working with airlines, airports, ministries of health, and other partners to provide technical assistance for the development of exit screening and travel restrictions in countries with Ebola. This includes:
Assessing the capacity to conduct exit screening at international airports;
Assisting countries with procuring supplies needed to conduct exit screening;
Supporting with development of exit screening protocols;
Developing tools such as posters, screening forms, and job-aids;
Training staff on exit screening protocols and appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) use; and,
Preparing in-country staff to provide future trainings.
All outbound passengers are screened for Ebola symptoms in the affected countries. Such primary exit screening involves travelers responding to a travel health questionnaire, being visually assessed for potential illness, and having their body temperature measured.
If a person has a fever above 101.5 or is suspected to be ill, the passenger will be taken aside for a more detailed health assessment – a secondary screening – to determine if he or she should be isolated.
Airport employees must wear latex gloves, use alcohol-based hand sanitizer, and monitor their own body temperature daily, among other measures.
Once passengers arrive in the United States they are subject to additional measures.
The Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and the CDC have closely coordinated to develop policies, procedures, and protocols to identify travelers who may have a communicable disease, responding in a manner that minimizes risk to the public. These procedures have been utilized collaboratively by both agencies on a number of occasions with positive results. Among these measures:
CBP personnel review all travelers entering the United States for general overt signs of illnesses (visual observation, questioning, and notification of CDC as appropriate) at all U.S. ports of entry, including all federal inspection services areas at U.S. airports that service international flights.
When a traveler is identified with a possible communicable disease or identified from information that is received from the CDC, CBP personnel will take the appropriate safety measures by referring the traveler to a secondary, isolating the traveler from other travelers, and referring to CDC or public officials for a medical assessment. CBP personnel may don personal protective equipment (PPE), to include gloves and surgical masks, which are readily available for use in the course of their duties.
CBP personnel receive training in illness recognition, but if they identify an individual believed to be infected, CBP will contact CDC along with local public health authorities to help with further medical evaluation.
CBP is handing out fact sheets to travelers arriving in the U.S. from Ebola- affected countries, which detail information on Ebola, health signs to look for, and information for their doctor should they need to seek medical attention in the future.
Secretary Johnson has also directed Transportation Security Administration to issue an Information Circular to air carriers reinforcing the CDC’s message on Ebola and providing guidance on identifying potential passengers with Ebola. DHS is closely monitoring the situation and Secretary Johnson will consider additional actions as appropriate.
MOGADISHU, Somalia, October 6, 2014/African Press Organization (APO)/ — The Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Somalia (SRSG), Nicholas Kay, welcomed the recovery earlier today of the port city of Barawe from Al-Shabaab by the Somali National Army and African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) forces.
“The recovery of Barawe by the Somali National Army and AMISOM forces is a critical milestone in Somalia’s path to peace and stability. I welcome this important achievement. I encourage any remaining Al-Shabaab to lay down their arms. Now is the time for peace and political progress for all Somali people.” SRSG Kay said.
PARIS, France, October 6, 2014/African Press Organization (APO)/ — With an average growth rate of about 4% in 2013, compared with 3% for the global economy, Africa continues to show strong dynamism in the face of regional and international turbulence. The continent´s average growth is projected to accelerate to close to 5% in 2014 and 5-6% in 2015.
However, lasting success will require making this growth more inclusive and more sustainable; for instance by helping African firms harness regional and global value chains to create new jobs, or by implementing innovative territorial policies to promote balanced regional development and make the most of emerging rural/urban dynamics.
Those issues are the heart of the 14th edition of the International Economic Forum on Africa: “By Africa, for Africa? Industrialisation and Integration for Inclusive Growth”.
For the first time, the African Union Commission (AUC) is invited by the OECD Development Centre to co-organize the Forum. As she pays her first official visit to the OECD, AUC Chairperson Ms Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma will sign a formal agreement, aimed at sustaining high-level dialogue over the coming years on a pan African agenda of integration and transformation.
The Forum will also host the launch of the OECD Development Centre’s Africa Action Plan which builds on the Centre’s partnerships and activities with member countries and institutions in Africa.
At the global level, the Action Plan aims at developing policy dialogue platforms with the African Union Commission on global value chains and on natural resource-based development; and improving tax revenue statistics. Working with the Economic Commission for Africa, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, the African Development Bank and the United Nations Development Programme, the Action Plan assesses national experiences in promoting industrial policies and productive transformation. It also assesses how to strengthening of the African Economic Outlook project.
At a country level, the Action Plan will draw from a new series of multi-sectorial country reviews to support the design and implementation of African national development strategies. Côte d’Ivoire is the first in the series, to be followed by Morocco and others. Several countries will also be engaged in the analysis of the economic implications of migration, establishing sustainable social protection systems, promoting youth policies and developing of appropriate skills for employment.
The Forum’s debates will build on the conclusions of the African Economic Outlook 2014 jointly produced by the African Development Bank, the OECD Development Centre and UNDP.
Follow the discussions on #AF 2014.
OTTAWA, Canada, October 6, 2014/African Press Organization (APO)/ — Today, on the occasion of the CEO Summit of the Devonshire Initiative, the Honourable Christian Paradis, Minister of International Development and La Francophonie, re-affirmed Canada’s commitment to promoting responsible oil, gas and mining development to help move the world’s most vulnerable from poverty to prosperity.
Minister Paradis also announced Canada’s support for three projects aimed at helping developing countries stimulate private sector-led growth and create the conditions to maximize the benefits of their resource wealth.
“The development of extractive resources is one of the most effective tools for eradicating poverty in developing countries,” said Minister Paradis. “Canada’s support enhances the capacity of developing countries to manage their extractive resource sectors, creating jobs and providing governments with revenue to deliver services to their citizens and enabling communities to maximize the benefits of the oil, gas and the mining sectors.”
Canada’s support announced today will help developing countries in both Africa and the Americas manage responsibly the complex issues surrounding extractive resources development, such as administering taxation and addressing social and environmental impacts in ways that improve the health and well-being of those involved.
“Canada is recognized as a global leader in responsible resource management,” said Minister Paradis. “Our efforts focus on growing economies more sustainably, managing resources more responsibly, and working more closely with the private sector to reduce poverty and build tomorrow’s markets for trade and investment.”
Minister Paradis also noted how Canada’s development work in the extractive sector is an important example of how strong partnerships involving the private sector and civil society are stimulating sustainable economic growth and helping to break the cycle of poverty in developing countries.
Helping developing countries to responsibly manage their resource wealth also aligns with Canada’s efforts to promote corporate social responsibility by Canadian companies operating abroad. Canada is committed to working with our trading partners to pursue policies that support a responsible and sustainable investment environment in the best interests of both communities and businesses.
• The management of natural resources in developing countries is an increasingly important driver of sustainable economic growth. It creates jobs and provides governments with revenue to deliver services to their citizens.
• Exports of oil and minerals from Africa, Asia, and Central and South America in 2012 were worth more than US$1.35 trillion—more than 15 times the amount of official development assistance provided to these same regions in that year.
• Extractive industries (mining, oil and gas) are a major driver of Canadian prosperity. Building on this domestic strength, Canada has also become a major player in the international extractive sector.
ROME, Italy, October 6, 2014/African Press Organization (APO)/ — Governments ought to review the way international agricultural commodity markets are governed, FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva told ministers from around the world gathered for a meeting on the subject Monday.
Commodity markets caught global attention due to volatile food prices in the past five years. While prices are currently declining, Graziano da Silva noted that underlying issues lurk in market institutions largely forged in the 1970s. Enormous changes since then, in production and distribution fronts, “have had far-reaching implications not only for how international commodity markets work but also for food security, property rights and access to productive resources, and the position of smallholder commodity producers,” he said in opening remarks at FAO’s third ministerial meeting on international agricultural commodity market governance.
FAO has piloted the idea of creating inclusive “multi-stakeholder fora” involving all stakeholders in a particular commodity market: government, private sector producers and traders, consumers and non-governmental organizations. It also hosts AMIS, the Agricultural Market Information System, an early-warning monitoring service that allows for coordinated response in times of stress, such as the 2012 droughts in North America and the Black Sea region.
“We need more,” Graziano da Silva said.
Lassaad Lachaal, Minister for Agriculture of Tunisia and chairperson of the ministerial meeting, said there were “deficiencies” today in amassing reliable, up-to-date information on commodity stock levels and trends and that a stronger institutional scheme to promote policy coordination is needed.
“Governance-related issues are gaining increasing attention, especially in light of the post-2015 Development Agenda,” he said.
Ministers in attendance included those from Burkina Faso, Central African Repubilc, Georgia, Haiti, Lebanon, Malawi, Mauritania, Portugal, South Africa, Sudan, Tonga, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia. Other countries sent vice ministers or senior officials, including Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and United States.
The Committee on Commodity Problems, a FAO technical committee with more than 100 members set up in 1946 to survey and review international aspects of commodity production, trade and distribution, will meet from Tuesday 7 October through Thursday 9 October.
One question ministers have been asked to discuss is how commodities should be related to the broader international development goals of the Post-2015 Development Agenda.
Commodity production and export account for a fifth of the world’s economic activity and are estimated to provide incomes and employment for more than a billion people.
Smallholders in developing countries produce the lion’s share of the world’s agricultural commodities, including non-staple foods such as sugar and coffee. Improving their productivity and relative prosperity is central not only to FAO’s goal of eradicating hunger, but to the broader United Nations agenda of supporting sustainability in all policy arenas.
Nearly two-thirds of developing countries rely on primary commodity exports for more than 50 percent of their export earnings. Many countries have high levels of dependence on commodities such as bananas, jute or cotton. Coffee alone account s for two-thirds of Burundi’s export earnings.
Globally, 80 percent of coffee is produced by smallholders, and the figure is higher for cocoa. Both products are part of global value chains that are often dominated by distributors.